AFRINIC

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AFRINIC.jpg
General Information
Stakeholder Group: Technical
Type: Regional Internet Registry
Scope: Regional
Country: Mauritius
Region: Africa
Headquarters: 11th Floor Raffles Tower
Cybercity
Ebene, Mauritius
Founded: 2000-2004
Website:

LinkIcon.png   http://www.afrinic.net

Issue Areas
IP numbers
Roles
Technical Coordination
Policy Making
Contact
Twitter: Twitter.png@afrinic

The African Network Information Center (AFRINIC) is the Regional Internet Registry for Africa and the Indian Ocean.

Overview

All the information concerning African registered resources and domain names can be found within the AFRINIC Whois database; all this information and the AFRINIC database is available to the public for transparency purposes, but it is under copyright.[1]

The Creation of AFRINIC

The African Network Information Centre (AFRINIC) is a non-governmental and not-for-profit membership based organization. Its main role is to serve as the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for the African region. AFRINIC was recognized by ICANN as a functioning regional registry and information center in 2004. Before the creation of AFRINIC, all IP Addresses were managed by APNIC, ARIN, and RIPE NCC.[2]

AFRINIC's mission is: "To serve the African Community by providing professional and efficient management of Internet number technology usage and development, and promoting Internet self-governance." [3]

Membership is open to any individual or organization that qualifies [4]. Its policy development process is open to anybody without any specific requirements [5]. AFRINIC holds open Public Policy Meetings [6] twice a year throughout its service region. One of these meetings usually takes place alongside the Africa Internet Summit (AIS) [7], an event which AFRINIC co-hosts together with several other African Internet governance organizations (the Af*) [8].

ICANN, IANA and AFRINIC

ICANN recognized the provisions of AFRINIC in 2004, and the registry began operating in April, 2005, when it received the first allocation of numbering resources, IP Addresses and Autonomous System Numbers (ANSs) for Africa. Its accreditation made it the world's 5th RIR, joining ARIN, APNIC, RIPE NCC, and LACNIC. [9] IANA, through an agreement with ICANN, allocates blocks of number resources to all five RIRs, which enables effective communication between networks and Internet traffic all around the world.

IANA has allocated the following IPv4 blocks to AfriNIC: 41/8, 102/8, 105/8 and 197/8;[10] and the following IPv6 blocks: 2001:4200::/23, 2C00:0000::/12.[11]

The 102/8 block which was allocated by IANA on February 3rd of 2011 is the last IPv4 block that will ever be allocated to the registry.[12]


Developments

AFRNIC established its procedures for allocating IPv6 address space in a 2004 document.[13]

AFRINIC has also implemented an IPv6 "test lab" which can be used freely by AFRINIC members who wish to gain first-hand experience or test their IPv6 deployments.[14]

AFRINIC collaborates with AfNOG in setting dates and places for their annual meetings in order to facilitate convenient meetings for their joint members.[15]

Partnership with UniForum SA

In June, 2012, it was announced that UniForum SA and AFRINIC began a partnership to support training and policy discussions within Africa's tech community. AFRNIC provides training [16] on topics such as cybersecurity, IPv4 exhaustion, IPv6 deployment, Internet Protocol and mobility, policy and IP address allocation, and Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC). UniForum SA will sponsor four AfriNIC meetings, where public and private sector officials can discuss Internet growth and accessibility policy issues, and the deployment of technologies such as cybersecurity and IPv6, as they affect the African continent.[17]

References